Tobacco: a gateway drug?

I wanted to find a nice statistic for the overlap between cigarette smokers and cannabis smokers, so I had a look at one of the tables in Smoking Drinking and Drug Use 2011. Which was interesting. The headline statistic is that among 15 year olds surveyed in 2011, of those who had smoked tobacco in the past week, half reported drug use in the past month. This compares with 4% of ‘non-smokers’ (during the past week). ‘Risk-taking behaviours’ tend not to be in isolation, and it’s unsurprising that tobacco smokers would be more likely to smoke cannabis as well (other illegal and illicit drugs are less common among young people) but this is a very stark figure.

Table showing breakdown for smoked / not smoked

Smoked Not smoked
Alcohol, not drugs 25% 19%
Drugs, not alcohol 13% 2.4%
Both alcohol and drugs 38% 2.4%
Neither 25% 76%
Total taken drugs 50% 5%
Total drank alcohol 63% 21%

Table showing breakdown for drank in past week / not drank

Alcohol Not alcohol
Smoked, not drugs 14% 6%
Drugs, not smoked 7% 3%
Both smoked and drugs 21% 3%
Neither 57% 89%
Total taken drugs 29% 6%
Total smoked tobacco 36% 8%

Finally the original figures (table 5.4 of Smoking, Drinking & Drug Use)

Smoked only 4%
Drank alcohol only 16%
Took drugs only 2%
Smoked and drank alcohol 4%
Smoked and took drugs 2%
Drank alcohol and took drugs 2%
Smoked, drank alcohol and took drugs 6%
None of these 64%
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